中英對照醫療用語-2 - 北美华人健康文摘 北美华人健康文摘

北美华人健康文摘

分享知识 共进健康

中英對照醫療用語-2

Written By: admin
● 医药
MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY
过敏Allergy
健康诊断General Check-up Physical Examination
检查Examination
住院Admission to Hospital
出院Discharge from Hospital
症状Symptom
检查Nutrition
病历Clinical History
诊断Diagnosis
治疗Treatment
预防Prevention
呼吸Respiration
通便Bowel Movement
粪便Stool
血液Blood
脉搏Pulse, Pulsation
尿Urine
脉搏数Pulse Rate
血型Blood Type
血压Blood Pressure
麻醉Anesthesia
麻醉全身General Anesthesia
静脉麻醉Intravenous Anesthesia
脊柱麻醉Spinal Anesthesia
局部麻醉Local Anesthesia
手术Operation
切除Resection
副作用Side Effect
洗净Irrigation
注射Injection
X透视X-Ray
红外线Ultra Red-Ray
慢性的Chronic
急性的Acute
体格Build
亲戚Relative
遗传Heredity
免疫Immunity
血清Serum
流行性的Epidemic
潜伏期Incubation Period
过滤性病毒Virus
消毒Sterilization
抗生素Antibiotic
脑波图EEG
洗肠Enema
结核反应Tuberculin Reaction
华氏Fahrenheit
摄氏Celsius, Centigrade
● 药品 MEDICINE
冰袋Ice Bag
药Medicine (drug)
绷带Bandage
胶带Adhesive Tape
剪刀Scissors
体温计Thermometer
拴剂Suppository
药丸Tablet, Pill
舌下锭Sublingual Tablet
胶囊Capsules
软膏Ointment
眼药Eye Medicine
止咳药Cough Medicine
阿斯匹灵Aspirin
止痛药Pain Killer
药方Presecription
● 症状及名称 SYMPTOMS
发烧Fever
高烧Hay Fever
发冷Chills
发汗Sweats
盗汗Night Sweats
倦怠Tiredness
失眠Insomnia
肩头发硬Stiffness in Shoulder
打喷嚏Sneeze
打嗝Hiccup
发痒Itch
腰痛Low Back Pain
头痛Headache
疼痛Pain (Ache)
急性疼痛Acute Pain
激痛Severe Pain
钝痛Dull Pain
压痛Pressing Pain
刺痛Sharp Pain
戮痛Piercing Pain
一跳一跳的痛 Throbbing Pain
针扎似的痛 Prickling Pain
烧痛Burning Pain
烈痛Tearing Pain
持续痛Continuous Pain
不舒服Uncomfortable
继续痛Pain Comes at Intervals
绞痛Colic
放射痛Radiating Pain
溃烂痛Sore Pain
痉挛痛Cramp Pain
顽痛(持续痛)Persistent Pain
轻痛Slight Pain
血尿Blood Urine
脓尿Pyuria
粘液便Mucous Stool
粘土样便Clay-colored Stool
验血Blood Analysis
红血球Red Cell
白血球White Cell
血小板Blood Platelet
呼吸数Respiration Rate
呼气Expiration
吸气Inspiration
呼吸困难Difficulty in Breathing
不规则脉Irregular Pulse
心搏徐缓Bradycardia
心搏急促Rapid Pulse
尿混浊Cloudy Urine
尿蛋白Albuminuria
糖尿Glycosuria
瘦Thin, Skinny
肥Fat
● 一般健康检查血液检验
◆血清油脂检验
胆固醇Cholesterol
高密度脂蛋白HDL
(High Densit Lipoprotein)
低密度脂蛋白LDL
(Low Density Lipoprotein)
三酸甘油脂(Triglycrides)
◆肝功能检验
检验血清中蛋白质总量
硷性去磷含量
(Alkaline Phosphatase)
胆红素 (Bilirubin)
白蛋白 (Albumin)
球蛋白 (Globulin)
天门冬胺酸转胺酸素Aspartate Transaminase, AST (SGOT) or Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase (SGOT) or Alanine Transaminase, ALT (SGPT) or Serum Glutamic Pyruvic transaminase (SGPT).
丙麸胺酸转胺 (Gama Glutamyl transpeptidase)
肝血液凝固时间
(Prothrombin Time)
◆肾功能检验
尿素氮 (BUN, Blood Urea Nitrogen)
肌氨酸 Creatine
尿酸 Uric Acid
◆心脏功能检验
乳酸去氨酸素Lactic dehydrogenase, LDH
肌酸刺激CPK (Creatine Phosphokinase)
◆其它特别项目的检验
铁质 Iron
电解质检验 Electrolytes
钠离子 Sodium
钾离子 Potassium
氯离子 Chloride
二氧化碳 Carbon Dioxide CO2
摄护腺特异抗原 PSA
(Prostae Specific Antigen)
四典甲状腺素T4 (Thyroxine)
血糖Serum Glucose (GTT, Glucose Tolerance Test)
糖尿病 Diabetes
◆血球数目检定CBC
(Complete Blood Count)
红血球RBC (Red Blood Cell)
白血球WBC (White Blood Cell)
血色素Hgb (Hemoglobin)
红血球在血液中所占比率HCT (Hematocrit)
血小板数目Platelet Count
● 泌尿科URINARY SYSTEM
肾脏Kidney
肾上腺Adrenal Gland
膀胱Bladder
尿道Urethra
睾丸Testicles
阴茎Penis
前列腺Prostate
小便时疼痛 Pain on Urination
尿量多Polyuria
尿量少Ollguria
尿急Uninary Urgency
小便困难Dysuria
糖尿Glycosuria
小便失禁Urinary Incontinence
阳萎Impotence
睾丸肿大Testicle Swelling
肾盂Pelvis of The Kidney
导尿Catheterize
尿毒症Uremia
肾炎Nephritis
肾萎缩Nephrosis
肾结石Nephrolith, Rental (Stones)
肾盂炎Pyelonephritis
膀胱炎Cystitis
尿道炎Urethritis
结石Calculus (Stones)
包皮Phimosis
早泄Premature Ejaculation
淋病Gonorrhea
肾结核Tuberculosis of The Kidney
肾瘤Tumor of The Kidney
前列腺肥大 Hypertrophy of The Prostate
● 外科SURGERY
出血Bleeding
内出血Internal Bleeding
出血斑Petechiae
炎症Inflammation
腐烂Erosion
手术Operation
切除Resection
移植Transplantation
畸形Malformation Deformation
疤痕Scar
粘着Adhesion
麻醉Anesthesia
镇痛剂Painkiller
瘀伤Bruise
斜颈Wryneck, Torticollis
O型脚Bowelgged
X型脚Knock-kneed
扁平足Flatfoot
外伤Injury
割伤Cut
刺伤Puncture
骨折Fracture
捻挫Torsion
脱臼Dislocation
撞伤Contusion
抓伤Scratches
脓Pus
疖子Furuncle
颈扭伤Whiplash Injury
虫咬伤Insect Bites
烫伤Bums
脓肿Abscess
冻伤Frost Bites
疝脱Hernia
骨膜炎Periostitis
骨髓炎Osteomyelitis
关节炎Arthritis
关节水肿Joint Hydropsy
五十肩Frozen Shoulder
指扭伤Sprained Finger
淋巴腺炎Lymphadentitis
溃疡Ulcer
坏疸Gangrene
颅内出血Intracranial Hemorrhage
脑挫伤Cerebral Contusion
乳腺炎Mastitis
乳腺症Mastopathy
腱鞘炎Tendovaginitis
● 内科 INTERNAL MEDICINE
◆呼吸系统
RESPIRATORSYSTEM
气管Bronchus
肺Lung
咳嗽Cough
乾咳Dry Cough
有痰咳Moist Cough
气喘性咳Wheezing Stridor
哮喘Wheeze
痰Sputum
吐血Blood-spitting
咯血Hemoplysis
背痛Back Pain
胸痛Chest Pain
气喘Asthma
沙哑Hoarseness
声音粗嘎Huskiness
感冒Common Cold
支气管炎Bronchitis
支气管气喘 Bronchial Asthma
肺炎Pneumonia
肺结核 Pulmonary Tuberculosis
胸膜炎Pleurisy
肺气肿 Plumonary Emphysema
肺癌Lung Cancer
◆循环系统
CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
心脏Heart
血管Blood Vessels
淋巴腺Lymph
心室Ventricle
心房Atrium
动脉Artery
静脉Vein
心悸Palpitation
不能呼吸Short of Breath
心脏病H​​eart Attack
脸色苍白Pallor of Face
贫血Anemia
水肿Puffy, Edema
发绀Cyanosis
瓣性心内膜炎
Valvular Insufficiency
瓣膜性回流
Valvular Regurgitation
狭心症Angina
心肌梗塞Myocardial Infarction
动脉硬化症 Arteriosclerosis
心脏喘息Cardiac Asthma
血栓症Thrormbos​​is
先天性心脏病 Congenital Heart Disease
心脏衰弱Heart Failure
心内膜炎Endocarditis
心肌炎Myoccarditis
心脏神经症 Cardiac Neurosis
高血压Hypertension
低血压Hypotension
动脉瘤Aneurysm
◆消化系统
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
腹Abdomen
食道Esophagus
胃Stom​​ach
十二指肠Duodenum
大肠Large Intestine
小肠Small Intestine
直肠Rectum
肛门Anus
肝脏Liver
胰脏Pancreas
胆囊Gall Bladder
盲肠Appendix
食慾Appetite
口渴Thirsty
恶心Nausea
呕吐Emesis
心口灼热Heartburn
呕吐Vomiting
压迫感Sense of Pressure
全腹痛General Abdominal Pain
吞咽困难Difficulty in Swallowing
吐血Hematemesis
便秘Constipation
腹泻Diarrhea
肠鸣Rumbling Sound
放屁Pass Gas
软便Loose Stool
血便Bloody Stool
食慾不振Anorexia
腹部膨胀Abdominal Enlargement
食道癌Cancer of The Esophagus
胃炎Gastritis
胃溃疡Gastric Ulcer
胃酸过多症 Hyperacidity
胃癌Stomach Cancer
十二指肠溃疡 Duodenal Ulcer
肠粘膜炎Intestinal Catarrh
肠结核Intestinal Tuberculosis
肠捻转Volvulus
盲肠炎Appendicitis
大肠炎Colitis
腹膜炎Peritonistis
痔疮Hemorrhoids (Piles)
痔漏Anus Fistula
肝硬化Cirrhosis of The Liver
胆结石症Gall Stones
胆炎Cholecytitis
小肠癌Cancer of Intestine
肠套肠Intussusceptions
直肠癌Rectal Cancer
肛门周围脓疮 Perianal Abscess
肝炎Hepatitis
肝癌Cancer of The Liver
黄疸Jaundice
胰脏炎Pancreatitis
◆神经系统
NERVIYS SYSTEM
脑Brain
大脑Cerebrum
小脑Cerebellum
脊椎Soinal Cord
神经Nerve
眼花Dizziness
轻度头痛Light Headaches
抽筋Convul​​sion
麻木Numbness
手抖Tremor
晕倒Syncope (Swooning)
意识丧失Unconsciousness
错乱Confused or Confusion
意识朦胧Dazed Condition
兴奋状态Excited Condition
昏沉Drowsy
幻觉Illusion
感觉麻痹Hypoesthesia
四肢麻痹Paralysis
语言障碍Disturbance of Speech
视觉障碍Disturbance of Vision
昏迷Coma
神志恍惚Delirium
失眠Insomnia
紧张Nervous
神经炎Neuritis
颜面神经麻痹 Facial Palsy
神经痛Neuralgia
助间神经痛 Intercostals
坐骨神经痛 Sciatica
脑膜炎Meningitis
脑缺血Cerebral Ischemia
脑出血Apoplexy
脑血栓Crerbral Thormbos​​is
脑炎Encephalitis
瘫痪Epllepsy
歇斯底里症 Hysteria
脑中风Stroke
脑瘤Brain Tumor
帕金森症Parkinson’s Disease
蛛网膜下出血 Bleeding
● 皮肤科 DERMATOLOGY
皮肤炎Dermatitis
接触性皮肤炎 Contact Dermatits
湿疹Eczema
小儿湿疹Infantile Eczema
脂漏性湿疹 Seborrheic Eczema
发疹Exanthema, Rash
药疹Drug eruption
乾燥皮肤Dry Skin
风疹Urticaria
狼疮Lupus
晒伤Sunburn
鸡眼Corn
雀斑Freckle
皮肤癌Skin Cancer
疣Wart
胎记、痣Birthmark, Nevus
黑痣Mole
狐臭Hircismus, Osmidrosis Axillae
脱毛症、秃 Baldness, Alopecia
黄癣Favus, Ringworm
香港脚Athletes Foot
牛皮癣Psoriasos
钱癣Ringworm, Tinea
红疹Red Rash
瘀伤Bruise
脱毛Falling Out of Hair
玫瑰疹Roseola
● 肿瘤 TUMOR
良性瘤Benign Tumors
恶性肿瘤Malignant Tumors Malignancy
转移Metastasis
癌Cancer
肉瘤Sarcoma
● 耳鼻喉科
OTOLARYNGOLOGY
鼻腔Nasal Cavity
扁桃腺Tonsil
咽喉Pharyngeal Tonsil
小舌Uvula
舌Tongue
声带Vocal Cord
外耳External Ear
内耳Internal Ear
中耳Middle Ear
三半规管Semicircular Canal
鼓膜Ear Drum
流鼻血Nasal Bleeding
流鼻涕Running Nose
鼻涕Nasal Discharge
鼻塞Stuffed Nose
喉咙痛Sore Throat
喉咙痒Throat Itchy
声音沙哑Hoarse Voice
失声Loss of Voice
嗅觉不灵Can’t Distinguish Smells
耳分泌物Ear Discharge
耳痛Earache
耳鸣Ringing of The Ear, Tinnitus
听力困难Difficulty in hearing
● 眼科OPHTHALMOLOGY
眼球Eye Ball
眼角膜Comea
巩膜Sclear
虹彩Iris
水晶体Lens
瞳孔Pupil
网膜Retina
视力Visual Activity
视力障碍Visual disturbance
视力不良Poor vision
复视Diplopia
眼睛分泌物 Eye Discharge
眼泪Tear
眼脸炎Blepharitis
针眼Sly
倒睫Trichiasis
激管炎Lacrimal Duct
砂眼Trachoma
网膜炎Retinitis
网膜剥离Retina Detachment
青光眼Glaucoma
白内障Cataract
色盲Color Blindness
结膜炎Conjunctivitis
色膜炎Keratitis
视神经炎Optic Neuritis
鼻泪管狭窄 Obstruction of The Nose
斜视Squint, Cross-Eyed
怕光Photophobia
视力模糊Blurred Vision
眼内异物Foreign Body in The Eyes
● 牙科 DENTIST
齿石Calculus
矫正Orthodontics
假牙Denture
环镶Veneer Crown
神经治疗Root-Canal Treatment
牙套Crown
金牙套Gold Crown
磁牙套Ceramic Crown
填补Filling
门牙Incisor
犬齿Canine
臼齿Molar
牙龈Gum
● 妇产科 OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY
子宫Uterus
子宫口Cervix
阴道Vagina
月经Menstruation (Periods)
下腹部痛Low Abdominal Pain
阴道分泌物 Vaginal Discharge
月经周期Menstrual Cycle
月经痛Dysmenorrhea
无月经Amenorrhea
更年期症状 Menopause Syndrome
怀孕Pregnancy
预产期Date of Delivery, Date Due
害喜Moming Sickness
胎儿心声Fetal Heart Sounds
流产Miscarriage
堕胎Abortion
破水The Show (Mucus-Like) Membrane Rupture or Water Show
阵痛Labor Pains
早期破水Premature Rupture
脚抽筋Leg Cramp
排卵Ovulation
受精(胎)Conception
着床Implantation
胎儿Fetus
胎动Fetal Movement Quickening
静脉瘤Varicose Vein
怀孕妊娠纹 Striations of Pregnancy
蛋白尿症Albuminuria
尿道发炎Urinary Tract Infection
子痫Eclampsia
羊水过多Polyhydramnion
胞状奇胎Hydatid Mole
子宫外孕Ectopic Pregnancy
卵管怀孕Tubal Pregnancy
产道Birth Canal
直肠检查Rectal Examination
阴道检查Internal (Vaginal) Examination
分娩Delivery
生产第一期 First Stage of Labor
生产第二期Second Stage of Labor
生产第三期 Third Stage of Labor
子宫收缩Contraction
会阴切开Episiotomy
会阴缝合Perineorrhahy Stitch
产後After Birth
脐带Umbilical Cord
胎盘Placenta
恶露Lochia
早产Premature Birth
死产Stillbirth
双胞、多胎 Twins, Multiple Birth
一卵双胞胎 Identical Twins
二卵性双胞胎 Fraternal Twins
胎盘分离Separation of the Placenta
前置胎盘Placenta Praevia
盘卷脐带Coiling of The Umbilical Cord
狭骨盘Narrow Pelvic
胎盘附着Adherence of The Placenta
卵管破裂Tubal Rupture
子宫破裂Uterine Rupture
会阴裂伤Laceration of The Perineum
产褥热Puerperal Fever
剖腹生产Caesarean Section
钳子分娩Forcepts Delivery
喂养母乳Breast Feeding
人工喂养Bottle Feeding
初乳Colostrums
新生儿Newborn Baby
怀孕中毒症 Toxemia of Pregnancy
● 精神科 PSYCHIATRY
精神病 Mental disorder, Psychosis
遗传性精神病 Hereditary Psychosis
健忘症Amnesia
白痴Idiocy
狂燥Mania
忧郁症Depression
燥郁症Maniac Depressive
精神分裂症 Schizophrenia
精神官能症 Neurosis
神经衰弱 Neurasthenia
● 小儿科 PEDIATRICS
早产儿Premature Baby, Immature Infant
新生儿黑粪 Melena of The Newborn
脱脐Umbilical Hemia
新生儿黄疸 Jaundice of Newborn
肠炎Stomach Virus
腹股沟疝脱 Inguinal Hernia
脑炎Encephalitis
脱水Dehydration
脑膜炎Meningitis
夜尿症Nocturnal Enuresis
白喉Diphtheria
百日咳Pertussis
破伤风Tetanus
小儿麻痹Poliomyelitis
脑炎Hemophilus Influenza ‘B’
麻疹Me​​asles
腮腺炎Mumps
德国麻疹Rubella
B型肝炎Hepatitis B Vaccine
● 传染病 EPIDEMICS
流行性感冒 Influenza, Flu
黄热病Yellow Fever
狂犬病Rabies
麻疹Me​​asles
德国麻疹German Measles
天花Smallpox
水痘Chickenpox
伤寒Typhoid fever
霍乱Cholera
百日咳Whopping Cough
鼠疫Plaque
猩红热Scarlet Fever
白喉Diphtheria
破伤风Tetanus
赤痢Dysentery
● 寄生虫 PARASITE
钩虫病Hookworm Disease
蛲虫病pinworm
蛔虫病ascariasis
条虫病tapeworm Infestation
● 其他 OTHER
贫血Anemia
白血病Leukemia
紫斑病Purpura
血友病Hemophilia
甲状腺肿大 Boiter
末端肥大症 Acromegaly
巨大症Gigantism
克兴式病Cushing’s Disease
蒙古症Mongolism
阿狄森式病 Addison disease
脚气病Beri-Beri
坏血病Scurvy
糖尿病Diabetes Mellitus
痛风Gout
风湿病Rheumatic Fever
风湿Rheumatism
中毒Poisoning
酒精中毒Alcoholism
一氧化碳Carbon Monoxide
特异体质Idiosyncrasy
中暑Heat Stroke
晕船症Motion Sickness
高山症Mountain Sickness
花粉症Hay Fever
血清病Serum Disease
● 医院费用名称
初诊挂号First Visit Registration
住院处Admission
出院处Discharge
收费处Cashier
预约门诊Appointment
急诊室费Emergency Room
住院费Room Charges
检验费Laboratory Exam
X光费X-Ray
材料费Material
治疗费Treatment
手术费Operation
麻醉费Anesthesia
诊断费Diagnosis
注射费Injection
护理费Nursing Care
特别护士费 Special Nurses
助理医师费 Assistant Doctor
会诊费Consultation
手术房费Operating Room
救护车费Ambulance
心电图E.K.G.
脑波图E.E.G.
输血Blood Transfusion
血液分析费 Hemodialysis
健康检查费 Physical Exam
病理检查费 Pathology Exam
复健费Rehabilitation Therapy
诊断证明Certificate
代收费Item Collected for
其他Miscellaneous
● 针灸 ACUPUNCTURE
针灸Acupuncture
针灸师Acupuncturist
针Needle
穴道Vital point
艾灸Moxibustion
灸法Cauterizing
薰法Fumigation
推拿Chiropractor
揉捏法Kneading
火针术Ignipuncture
毫针Fine Needle
绽针Shih Needle
耳针Ear Acupuncture Needle
三棱针Triangular Needle
皮肉针Staving Needle
梅花针Plum-Flower Needle